There are a number of factors that may result in seeking medical advice. The first step is to obtain a referral from your GP in order to see a gastroenterologist for whatever the related issue is.

The Australian government supports bowel cancer screening. A bowel preparation kit is sent to every person once they reach the age of 50. Dr. Yoganthan believes this is a valuable tool in order to prevent the risk of bowel cancer, one of the biggest killers in Australia. If you have not yet received a kit, you can find them at your nearest pharmacy.

If you have a family history of bowel cancer, are over the age of 50, or have any symptoms you are concerned about then a consultation visit may be in your best interest. Please consult your GP for a referral first.

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Abdominal Bloating and Flatulence

The colon has a lot of bends in it. When air gets trapped in these bends, you might feel cramps or sharp pains. This pain is common in the middle and top of the belly on either side.

Anaemia (Iron Deficiency)

Anaemia is the term doctors and nurses use when a person has too few red blood cells. Red blood cells are the cells in your blood that carry oxygen. If you have too few red blood cells, your body does not get all the oxygen it needs.

Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus, the opening where your bowel movements leave the body. Anal fissures cause pain, especially during a bowel movement.

Anal Pruritus (Anal Itching)

Anal pruritus is itching of the anus or the skin around it. The anus is the last part of the digestive system. It is where bowel movements leave the body.

Barrett's Oesophagus

Barrett's oesophagus is usually caused by acid reflux. Acid reflux is when the acid that is normally in your stomach backs up into the oesophagus. Many people with acid reflux never get Barrett's oesophagus, but some do.

Bowel Cancer

Colorectal cancer is cancer that affects the large intestine (also known as the colon) or the rectum. The word "colorectal" is just a shortened way of saying colon and rectal.

Bowel Polyps

Colon polyps are tiny growths that form on the inside of the large intestine (also known as the colon). Polyps are very common. Roughly one-third to one-half of all adults have them. They do not usually cause symptoms.

Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is a condition that impairs your body’s ability to break down certain foods. People who have the disease get sick if they eat bread, pasta, pizza, and cereal.


Constipation is the passing of hard, dry bowel motions (stools). Symptoms include needing to open the bowels less often than usual, straining to pass the motion, bloated abdomen, or abdominal cramps.

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a disorder that can cause diarrhea, belly pain, and other symptoms that affect the digestive tract. The digestive tract is the part of the body that takes in and breaks down food.


Chronic diarrhoea is defined as loose stools that last for at least four weeks. This usually means three or more loose stools per day. There are many possible causes of chronic diarrhoea.

Diverticular Disease and Diverticulitis

A diverticulum is a pouch-like structure that can form in the muscular wall of the colon, particularly at points where blood vessels enter.


The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that is tucked under your liver. It stores bile, a fluid that helps the body break down fat.

Gastroesophageal Reflux (Heartburn)

Acid reflux is when the acid that is normally in your stomach backs up into the oesophagus, tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. Another term for acid reflux is “gastroesophageal reflux disease,” or GORD.


Haemorrhoids are enlarged or swollen veins in the lower rectum. The most common symptoms of haemorrhoids are rectal bleeding, itching, and pain.

Helicobacter Pylori

H. pylori infection is a condition that can sometimes cause pain in the upper belly, bloating, nausea, or vomiting. H. pylori infection occurs when a type of bacteria called H. pylori infects a person’s stomach or duodenum.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome, or “IBS,” is a condition that causes belly pain and problems with bowel movements. Some people with the condition have frequent, watery bowel movements (diarrhea).

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is a condition that makes it hard for your body to digest milk and other dairy products. If you have lactose intolerance and you eat dairy products, you can get diarrhoea, belly pain, and gas.


Pancreatitis is a condition that can cause severe belly pain. The pancreas is an organ that makes hormones and juices that help break down food. Pancreatitis is the term for when this organ gets irritated or swollen.

Peptic Ulcer Disease

A peptic ulcer is a sore that can form on the lining of the stomach or duodenum. The duodenum is the first part of the small intestine.

Rectal Bleeding

Seeing blood in the toilet, on the outside of your stool, or with wiping after a bowel movement is common. Fortunately, most of the causes of such rectal bleeding are not life threatening.

Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer happens when normal cells in the stomach change into abnormal cells and grow out of control. The stomach is part of the digestive system.

Swallowing Problems (Dysphagia)

Dysphagia is the medical term for “trouble swallowing.” Sometimes, dysphagia happens if you eat too fast or don’t chew your food well enough.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a condition that causes diarrhea, belly pain, and bloody bowel movements. These symptoms happen because the large intestine becomes inflamed and gets sores, called “ulcers.”

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